When you plan to dispose of the manure from your small farm and make it into organic fertilizer, there is an item you must focus on. Removing harmful substances from manure and eliminating its odor. In this respect, aerobic fermentation is the most commonly used method for fertilizer manufactures. Then in the presence of oxygen, how many types of methods can we use in small scale composting of manure? In general, there are three types of small scale composting methods for your choice. Including groove composting, windrow composting and in-vessel composting. They differ in terms of equipment model, capacity, area occupation, fermentation time, cost, etc. You can choose the most suitable one according to your needs.

What you need to learn when you want to start small scale groove type composting of organic waste?

Are you finding a small scale cow manure composting system with a high degree of automation? If you are, you can choose groove type composting. We equip all types of small scale groove composting machines with electrically automatic control systems. So after setting in motion, they will move along the rails on the two sides of fermentation grooves and turn materials to facilitate cow dung composting without worker operations. However, if you want to know whether it is suitable for your small scale manure compost making, you also need to learn the performance of it in the following aspect:

Equipment types

In SX, there are usually two types of small scale groove type composters for your choice. Groove type compost turner and chain plate type compost machine. The former is typical equipment for starting manure composting in fermentation trenches. It mainly relies on stirring teeth on the shaft to process compost. But the latter, in order to speed up aerobic fermentation of organic litter, replaces the turning part with chain plate type part, which makes material more fully contact with oxygen.

Groove type compost machine working
Chain plate type compost turner


Generally, different small scale composting machines have different outputs. Groove type compost machine has a turning span of 2.5-3 m and a turning depth of 1-2 m. moreover, chain plate composter can process organic waste pile with a width of 3-4 m and a height of 1.8 m.


Then for choosing an ideal small scale composting method, the cost is also an item you must pay attention to. In SX, the price of small scale groove type compost equipment usually is $6,500-$12,000.

Groove type composting site

Fermentation time

Under natural conditions, organic fertilizer composting will take you 2-3 months. But our equipment for groove composting can help you finish small scale fermentation of organic manure within 20 days.

Area occupation

During groove composting, the area occupation is determined by the scale of composting. The smaller the fermentation scale, the less area occupation; the larger the fermentation scale, the more the area occupation.

Chain plate small scale fertilizer composting

5 Things you must know about small scale windrow composting

If you want to start small scale fertilizer composting without fermentation trenches building, we recommend you adopt windrow composting, which is also known as on the ground fermentation mode. In this process, you only need to pile organic manure into long windrows and drive windrow compost machine to turn and mix windrows. When the temperature of materials on longer rises, you can get finished compost fertilizer. And in order to help you learn this type of small scale composting method, we summarize the 5 things that fertilizer manufacturers are most interested in about small scale windrow fertilizer fermentation.

What equipment can be used in small scale windrow composting?

For small scale windrow composting, we design crawler type compost turner and moving type self-propelled composter respectively. The former use tracks in its moving system, so it has high adaptability for uneven ground and can move more stably. The latter adopts a four-wheel moving system, which makes it move forward, backward and turn direction freely. Therefore, it can process organic fertilizer compost piles in a more flexible way.

Crawler type compost turner
Moving type windrower for small scale composting

How much compost can small windrow composter produce per hour?

Crawler windrow composter is widely used for processing windrows with a width of 2.4-3 m and a height of 0.6-1.5 m. So it usually can help you turn and mix 500-1500 ㎡ of organic waste. At the same time, moving type compost turner has a turning span of 2 m and turning depth of 0.6-0.8 m. Therefore, its capacity is about 400-500 ㎡/h.

What is the price of the above two small scale compost windrowers?

The price of crawler type compost machine is $10,000-$20,000. If you need a more economical small scale compost machine, you can choose moving type compost turner. You only need to prepare $6,000-$12,000 for it.

Crawler type windrow fertilizer fermentation

How much area does groove type composting require?

The area covered by windrow composting is also not fixed. It will vary with the volume of organic litter you plan to compost.

how long does it take to start small scale groove type composting?

Under the help of SX windrow compost machine, you can complete the harmless process of organic fertilizer production within 20 days.

Moving type windrow compost turner working

Details of in-vessel organic manure composting in small quantities

Is there a method which can turn organic waste into compost fertilizer in small quantities faster? Which type of small scale composting needs a smaller area? For this, in-vessel fermentation is an ideal choice for you. The details of in-vessel small scale composting is as follows:

Types of small scale in-vessel fermentation tank

At present, we have two types of small scale composting in-vessel fermentation pots on sale. One is horizontal organic fertilizer fermentation tank and vertical fermentation pot. They are both full automatic fertilizer composting machines. Controlled by computer, and it has automatic temperature and oxygen content monitors. Therefore, using it, you can convert organic litter to compost fertilizer quickly and easily.

Vertical fermentation tank structure
Horizontal fermentation tank for small scale commercial composting

Output of in-vessel composting machine

If you need an in-vessel composter with a capacity below 50 ㎡, we recommend you purchase horizontal fertilizer fermentation tank. However, when your expectant output is higher than 50 ㎡, it is advisable to buy vertical fermentation pot for your small scale organic fertilizer composting.

Cost of starting organic fertilizer in-vessel fermentation

Provided you want to buy in-vessel composting equipment, you need to prepare $20,000-$180,000 for it.

Vertical fertilizer fermentation pot working

Space occupation of in-vessel fermentation tank

What’s more, only needs a small space, it can complete the whole small scale composting process. Even it is an area of 10-30 ㎡.

Time of organic fertilizer fermentation pot composting

Because it usually starts small scale composting in a closed environment, which is beneficial for isolating outside world influences. So using it, you can complete the harmless process of small scale organic manure in a shorter time.

Horizontal fermentation tank in SX

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